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12月 7th, 2020

【原创】志萍版老友记英语笔记之构词法:6.首字母缩略词(34个)

老友记笔记, by 李志萍.

 

首字母缩略词(Acronym)是由一词组中各主要词的第一个字母或部分字母缩合而成。首字母缩略词在英
语中已经非常普遍,而且它们还在以较快的速度增长。这种形式的英语构词生成的新词,读音主要有
两种形式:各字母分别读音;作为一个单词读音,又称为首字母拼音词。
 

 

1. OB-GYN

 

102.Ross: Hey, I'll go down there. And I'll give Barry back his ring. And you can go with Carol and
Susan to the
OB-GYN.
OB-GYN [ˌoʊ bi ˌdʒi waɪ ˈɛn]: 妇产科医生(obstetrician-gynecologist)

 

2. FICA

 

104.Rachel: God, isn't this exciting? I earned this. I wiped tables for it. I steamed milk for it. And it was
totally
…[opens envelope] not worth it. Who's FICA? Why's he getting all my money?
FICA [ˈfaɪkə]:a tax paid by employees and employers to provide money for Social Security and Medicare 美国联
邦社会保险捐款法。FICA
规定由联邦政府从工资收入中扣税,用来支持社会安全福利保障老年医疗保险计划。
FICA税
占纳税人薪资收入的15.3%,由雇主和雇员各承担一半。(Federal Insurance Contributions Act的缩略)

 

3. ASAP

 

106.Joey: Oh, look, look, there's a note on the back. [reads it] 'Loved your work. Call me a sap.' [which
is actually supposed to read
ASAP] 

ASAP [ˌeɪ ɛs eɪ ˈpi] [ˈeɪsæp]: 尽快(as soon as possible的缩略)

 

4. VD

 

109.[Joey turns around and sees his face on a poster. The poster says: What Mario isn't telling you...VD.
Y
ou never know who might have it.]

VD [ˌvi ˈdi]: 性病(venereal disease的缩略)

 

5. CIA

 

113.Joey: It's like if you woke up one day and found out your Dad was leading this double life. He's
like actually some
spy working for the CIA.
CIA [ˌsi aɪ ˈeɪ]: a department of the U.S. government that collects information about other countries, often secretly
(美国)中央情报局
(Central Intelligence Agency的缩略)

 

6. NYU

 

124.Joey: Well, I'm helping out down at the NYU med school with some uh, research.

NYU: (美国)纽约大学(New York University的缩略)

 

7. FDA

 

208.Mr. Rastatter: Well, anyhoo, we should be getting our FDA approval any day now.

FDA [ˌɛf di ˈeɪ]: the U.S. government department that is responsible for making sure that food and drugs are safe
to be sold (美国)食品及药物管理局
(Food and Drug Administration的缩)

 

8. VCR

 

214.Chandler: Oh, this is excellent. You know, he coulda gotten me a VCR. He coulda gotten me a
set of golf clubs
. 

VCR [ˌvi si ˈɑr]: a machine which is used to play videos or to record programmes from a television 盒式磁带录
像机
(video cassette recorder的缩略)

 

9. IQ

 

216.Judy Geller: We just know she's got the IQ of a napkin.

IQ [ˌaɪ ˈkyu]: a measurement of a person's intelligence that is calculated from the results of special tests 智商
(intelligence quotient的缩略)

 

10. PTA

 

224.Dr. Richard Burke: If I have to, I'll, I'll do it all again. I'll do the 4 o'clock feeding thing. I'll go
to the
PTA meetings. I'll coach the soccer team.

PTA [ˌpi ti ˈeɪ]: a school association run by some of the parents and teachers to discuss matters that
affect the children and to organize events to raise money 学生家长和教师联谊会
(parent-teacher association
的缩写)

 

11. USS

 

310.Ross: Well, I lost. Some little girl loaned her uniform to her 19-year-old sister who went down
to the
USS Nimitz and sold over 2,000 boxes.
USS [ˌyu ɛs ˈɛs]: used before the name of a ship in the U.S. navy 美国军舰(United States Ship的缩)

 

12. UN

 

315.Phoebe: I have a date with this diplomat I met while I was giving free massages outside the UN
and I don't know where his country is.
UN [ˌyu ˈɛn]: United Nations; an association of many countries that aims to help economic and social conditions
improve and to solve political problems in the world in a peaceful way 联合国
(United Nations的缩)

 

13. AAA

 

317.Phoebe: [on the phone] Okay, yeah. [to Monica and Rachel] AAA can pick us up.

AAA [ˌtrɪpl ˈeɪ] [ˌeɪ eɪ ˈeɪ]: an organization that provides services for car owners美国汽车协会(American Automobile
Association的缩略)

 

14. VIP

 

414.Joshua: I'm kidding! I'm gonna get there early, but I'm gonna put you on the VIP list, okay? Look
for me.

VIP [ˌvi aɪ ˈpi]: someone who is given better treatment than ordinary people because they are famous, influential,
or importan
t 大人物,要人;贵宾(very important person的缩略) 

 

购买《志萍版老友记英语笔记》,学习完整的34个首字母缩略词,请加微信zhipingjie

【原创】志萍版老友记英语笔记之构词法:1.派生法、2.合成法、3.转化法(2020.11.22)

【原创】志萍版老友记英语笔记之构词法:4.英语中的外来词(108个)(2020.12.3)

【原创】志萍版老友记英语笔记》构词法:5.英语中的拟声法(46个)(2020.12.4)

  

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