志萍的三分田

以中文为锄 以英文为铲

12月 3rd, 2020

【原创】志萍版老友记英语笔记之构词法:4.英语中的外来词(108个)

老友记笔记, by 李志萍.

  

外来(borrowed words)是英语不可缺少的组成部分,英语能够成为世界使用最广泛的语言很大程
度上取决于其形成过程中大量地吸收了外来
来发展自己。外来反映了不同的文化联系,丰富了英
语词汇,更加准确、形象和直观地反映新事物的内容,使英语更加国际化。

今天我们就来学习一下,英语中来自法语、西班牙语、日语、中文、意大利语、德语和拉丁语的外来
在《志萍版老友记英语笔记》中,这样的外来
共有108个。

 

一. 来自法语(from French)(共49个)

 

1. déjà vu

 

103.Phoebe: Wait, wait. I'm getting a déjà vuNo, I'm not.

déjà vu [ˌdeɪʒɑ ˈvu]: (from French) the feeling that you have previously experienced something which is happening
to you now (法语)似曾经历过的错觉,似曾相识,记忆错觉,旧事幻现

 

3. papier-mâché

 

108. Lowell: It's like Mardi Gras without the papier-mâché heads. 

papier-mâché [ˌpeɪpər məˈʃeɪ]: (from French) a mixture of pieces of paper and glue. It can be made, while still
damp, into objects such as bowls, ornaments, and models. (法语)(用以制作碗、饰品和模型的)纸胶混合物

 

19. Crème de menthe

 

 

222. Phoebe: Or perhaps you'd like a Crème de menthe.

Crème de menthe [ˌkrɛm dəˈmɪnt]): (from French) a strong, sweet, alcoholic drink made with mint (法语)薄荷甜酒,
通常呈透明或绿色

 

21. croissant

 

307.Phoebe: Yeah. I can't say 'croissant'. [realizes] Oh, my God.

croissant [kwɑˈsɑnt]: (from French) a small sweet roll with a curved shape, eaten especially at breakfast (法语)牛角
面包

 

43. Béarnaise sauce

 

821.Sarah: Welcome to Introduction to Cooking. Now, before we start, can anyone tell me the
difference between a hollandaise and a
Béarnaise sauce?

Béarnaise sauce [ˌbɛrˈneɪz sɔs]: (from French) a sauce which contains eggs and herbs (法语)贝尔内滋酱料,包含
蛋黄和黄油,另外还添加了青葱、雪维菜、龙蒿、胡椒籽等香料,通常搭配牛排食用。

 

45. entrée

 

905.Joey: Uh, can I make a special request? Can you bring everything as soon as it's ready?
Appetizers,
entrées, we don't care.

entrée [ˈɑntreɪ]: (from French) (in a restaurant or at a formal meal) the main course of the meal (法语)主菜,正菜

 

49. au revoir

 

1017.Rachel: Alright, now I really have to go. Okay. Au revoir! Oh, they're gonna really hate me
over there. [She leaves.]

au revoir [ˌɔ rəˈvwɑr]: (from French) goodbye (until we meet again) (法语)再会,再见

 

二. 来自西班牙语(from Spanish)(共16个)

 

4. olé

 

204.Phoebe: Oh, right. Okay. [let him go] Olé.

olé [oʊˈleɪ]: (from Spanish) used for showing approval or happiness (西班牙语)(斗牛、舞蹈、足球等观众的欢呼声)
好极了!

 

11. enchilada

 

822.Ross: Come on, finish your enchilada.

enchilada [ˌɛntʃəˈlɑdə]: (from Spanish) a Mexican dish consisting of a tortilla filled with meat and covered with
a spicy sauce (西班牙语)玉米卷饼,是一道墨西哥菜,玉米饼卷上馅料,然后浇上一层辣椒酱。可卷的馅料非常
丰富,有肉馅、奶酪、豆子、土豆等各种组合

 

12. jalapeño

 

822.Rachel: I mean, you'd think the damn jalapeño would've cleared up your sinuses, but no!
jalapeño [ˌhɑləˈpeɪnyoʊ]: (from Spanish) the small green fruit of a type of pepper plant, that has a very hot taste
and is used in Mexican cooking (西班牙语)墨西哥辣椒

 

三. 来自日语(from Japanese)(共16个)

 

3. shiatsu

 

112.Jasmine: We've got a couple changes in your schedule. Your 4 o'clock herbal massage has
been pushed back to 4:30. And Miss S
ummerfield canceled her 5:30 shiatsu.

shiatsu [ʃiˈɑtsu]: (from Japanese) a form of medical treatment, originally from Japan, in which pressure is applied
to particular parts of the body using the fingers (日语)指压按摩疗法;穴位按压法

 

5. kimono

 

122.Ross: [on the phone] Okay, Andre should be there in about 45 minutes. [listens] Uh, yes, sir, the
kimonos are extra. Alrighty, bye-bye.

kimono [kəˈmoʊnoʊ]: (from Japanese) a traditional Japanese piece of clothing like a long loose dress with wide
sleeves, worn on formal occasions; a dressing gown or robe in this style (日语)日本和服

 

6. karaoke

 

122.Chandler: I think last night was great. You know the karaoke thing, Tracy and I doing 'Ebony and
Ivory'?

karaoke [ˌkæriˈoʊki]: (from Japanese) a type of entertainment in which a machine plays only the music of popular
songs so that people can sing the words themselves (日语)卡拉OK

 

四. 来自中文(from Chinese)(共10个)

 

5. wonton

 

512.Phoebe: [turning from Ross] No! Hey-hey, that's not a Nutter Butter. That's just an old wonton!

wonton ['wɑntɑn]: (from Chinese) a small piece of food wrapped in dough, often served in Chinese soup or as
dim sum (粤语)云吞;馄饨(1948年进入英语)

 

10. mahjong

 

813.Rachel: Oh, oh, my God! I can practically hear the mahjong tiles!
mahjong [ˈmɑʒɑŋ]: (from Chinese) a Chinese game played with small pieces of wood with symbols on them (中文)
麻将(1920年进入英语)

 

五. 来自意大利语(from Italian)(共6个)

 

4. latte

 

103.Rachel: [to Ross] Coffee black. [to Chandler] Latte. [to Monica] And an iced tea. I'm getting pretty
good at this.

latte [ˈlɑteɪ]: (from Italian) a drink made by adding a small amount of strong coffee to a glass or cup of frothy
steamed milk (意大利语)拿铁咖啡,意式拿铁是直接将意式浓咖啡与热牛奶混合,而美式拿铁会再加上一层奶
泡。与卡布奇诺不同的是,拿铁咖啡中牛奶多而咖啡少。一杯地道的美式拿铁,配制的比例是牛奶占70%、奶
泡20%、咖啡10%

 

六. 来自德语(from German)(共6个)

 

6. gesundheit

 

904.Joey: [to Gunther] Gesundheit! But, uh…Well, this is hard. I'm kind of shy.
gesundheit [ɡəˈzʊnthaɪt]: (from German) used when someone has sneezed to wish them good health (德语)祝你
健康(对刚打喷嚏的人的祝愿)

 

七. 来自拉丁语(from Latin)(共5个)

 

4. magna cum laude

 

 

410.Chandler: Yeah. You graduated magna cum laude, right?

magna cum laude [ˌmæɡnə kʊm ˈlaʊdi]: (from Latin) at the second of the three highest levels of achievement
that students can reach when they finish their studies at college (拉丁语)以二级优等成绩

 

购买《志萍版老友记英语笔记》,学习完整的108个英语中的外来词,请加微信zhipingjie

 

【原创】志萍版老友记英语笔记之构词法:1.派生法、2.合成法、3.转化法

 

  

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