志萍的三分田

以中文为锄 以英文为铲

12月 4th, 2020

【原创】志萍版老友记英语笔记之构词法:5.英语中的拟声法(46个)

老友记笔记, by 李志萍.

 

 

拟声法(Onomatopoeia)是利用词的发音模仿人、动物或其它物体声音特征的手段,可以加强语言的直观性、
形象性、生动性,具有较强的表现力和感染力,能够产生一种如闻其声、如见其人、身临其境的效果。

 

我们可以将拟声词分为三类:

 

一. 模仿人类的声音(共20个)

 

1. sob

 

101.Monica: Oh, really? So that hysterical phone call I got from a woman sobbing at 3 A.M., 'I'll never
have grandchildren. I'll never have grandchildren.' was what? A wrong number?

sob [sɑb]: to cry noisily, taking sudden, sharp breaths 抽噎

 

3. whimper

 

103.Monica: I know. I know! Do you mind if I whimper a little bit?

whimper [ˈwɪmpər]: to make low, weak crying noises (微弱或惊恐地)啜泣,呜咽

 

8. giggle

 

215.Dr. Burke: Hi, Phoebe. Nice to meet you. [Phoebe just giggles when they shake.]

giggle [ˈɡɪɡl]: to laugh in a silly way because you are amused, embarrassed, or nervous 傻笑;咯咯地笑

 

9. shriek

 

310.Ross: Shielding your face and shrieking like a girl…is not a backhand.

shriek [ʃrik]: to give a loud, high shout, for example when you are excited, frightened, or in pain 尖叫;尖声叫喊

 

13. howl

 

423.Ross: [chasing her and trying to zip up his pants] Emily, no! Wait, stop! Emily, please…[He
catches something important in the zipper and
howls like a little boy.]

howl [haʊl]: howl to make a loud cry when you are in pain, angry, amused, etc. (人因痛苦、愤怒、不愉快等)嚎叫

 

16. chatter

 

716.Phoebe: Oh, my God, you've got to stop chattering!

chatter [ˈtʃæt̮ər]: to talk quickly and continuously, especially about things that are not important 喋喋不休地说(不重
要的事);唠叨

 

二. 模仿动物的声音(共17个)

 

1. quack

 

102.Ross: [picks up a surgical instrument and mimes a duck with it] Quack-quack, quack-quack,
quack-quack-quack…

quack [kwæk]: when a duck quacks, it makes the noise that is typical of ducks (鸭子)嘎嘎叫

 

8. purr

 

402.Phoebe: So great. Oh, we took a nap together today. My Mom fell asleep on my tummy and
purred.
purr [pər]: when a cat purrs, it makes a low continuous sound in the throat, especially when it is happy or
comfortable (猫高兴
地或满足地)发呼噜声

 

14. yap

 

812.Phoebe: Wow, it's amazing how well I can play with you yapping around my head like a
Chihuahua.
yap [yæp]: (especially of small dogs) to bark a lot, making a high, sharp, and usually irritating sound (小狗)狂吠;
汪汪乱叫

 

16. coo

 

918.First Message: [Phoebe's voice] "Hello. Th-this is the pigeon from the balcony calling to apologize.
I sh-I shouldn't have knocked the tickets out of the pretty lady's hand. It-it was all my fault. Not hers.
Bye.
Coo." 
coo [ku]: when a dove or a pigeon coos, it makes a soft low sound (鸽子)咕咕地叫,发咕咕声

 

三. 模仿物体和动作的声音(共9个)

 

1. buzz

 

103.[The intercom buzzes.]

buzz [bʌz]: to make a sound like a bee buzzing 发出嗡嗡声

 

7. click

 

222.Monica: Listen, you guys, I don't mean to be a pain about this, but um, I've noticed that some of
you are just placing them on. You wanna
push the caps until you hear them click.

click [klɪk]: to make or cause something to make a short, sharp sound (使)发咔嗒声

 

8. vroom

 

307.Phoebe: Isn't it cool? Vroom! Vroom!

vroom [vrum]: used to represent the loud sound made by a vehicle moving very fast (赛车等加大油门高速行驶时
发出的)呜呜声

 

购买《志萍版老友记英语笔记》,学习完整的46个英语中的拟声词,请加微信zhipingjie

 

 【原创】志萍版老友记英语笔记之构词法:1.派生法、2.合成法、3.转化法(2020.11.22)

【原创】志萍版老友记英语笔记之构词法4.英语中的外来词(108个)(2020.12.3)

 

 

 

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